Inflammation of the Joints

Different Varieties of Arthritis

There are many different types of arthritis. Arthritis causes inflammation in joints of the body. All types of this condition cause symptoms of stiffness, swelling and pain in at least one joint of the body. Organs of the body can also be affected by some varieties of this condition. Individuals may feel tired or lose weight. Pain in joints may make it difficult for people to sleep. Many individuals visit physicians for various arthritic conditions each year. The conditions can progress causing disability for patients. Seeking a proper medical diagnosis with treatment is imperative.

Types of Arthritis

What Is Gout?

A painful condition caused by excessive amounts of uric acid is called gout. This is also called gouty arthritis. The most common joint affected by this condition is in the largest toe of the foot. This toe will become swollen, hot, tender and red. The excess amounts of uric acid in the blood stream crystallize. Deposits of crystallized uric acid cause pain in the tissues, tendons and joints of the toe. Excessive consumption of seafood, meat, sugar and alcohol can cause the body to create too much uric acid. The condition is often diagnosed within family groups. Insulin resistance is common in individuals with gouty arthritis.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

This form of arthritis is caused by a defective immune system. The immune system of the body attacks cartilage and joints. Joints commonly affected are in the hands and feet. Rheumatoid arthritis often causes damage to synovial joints. The synovium layer around these joints swells from inflammation. In addition, fibrous tissue and extra synovial fluid develops. Organs may also become damaged by this condition. The sclera of the eye and pericardium membrane of the heart may become inflamed. Various parts of the lung also often develop inflammation. Females are more likely to have rheumatoid arthritis.

What Is Osteoarthritis?

This form of arthritis can affect any joints of the body. It can be caused by traumatic injury to knees, back, hips and other joints. Osteoarthritis commonly occurs as people age. In addition, constant use of a joint can cause this condition to develop. The cartilage of a joint will degrade with this form of arthritis. As cartilage is damaged the bones of the joint begin to rub against each other. This causes inflammation and pain for an individual. Individuals with osteoarthritis may be in constant pain while walking or standing.